The effects of climate change are showing more and more every day. These effects are putting animals on the verge of extinction and are destroying habitats. Oceans and seas are also suffering due to climate change. Sea levels are rising and water temperatures are increasing.
The Loss Of Coral Reefs
The Great Barrier Reef in Australia has been affected by the increasing temperatures. Over the last 30 years, more than half of the coral reefs around the world have been lost. The biggest problem is that in the next 3 decades many more are expecting to disappear.
“This isn’t something that’s going to happen 100 years from now. We’re losing them really quickly, much more quickly than I think any of us ever could have imagined,” stated Julia Baum, Marine Biologist at the University of Victoria in Canada.
Many exotic species of animals and plants that live in these reefs have been lost due to the coral bleaching. These reefs are important for the lives of oceans. They are an entire ecosystem that contains marine animals, plants, and algae.
Researchers have discovered that 50% of all coral reefs have been lost. They mentioned that, if nobody takes action, more than 90% of the coral reefs will be lost by 2050. The loss of coral reefs is caused by water contamination, overfishing, and global warming.
These corals are lost when the symbiotic relationship between an alga and a coral is destroyed. This relationship is lost forever. The coral loses its color once the algae perish and it dies. This process is damaging for the entire ecosystem found in oceans. This is because marine animals and plants rely on corals for oxygen.
Coral reefs are the ones that produce some of the oxygen in oceans. They are also the ones that provide homes for one in 4 marine species. Another thing that these reefs are doing is to guard the coastlines against storms.
Many people are trying to save the coral reefs from bleaching. They are now funding a program that is called 50 Reefs Project. They are aiming to save the remaining 10% of coral reefs. Scientists are support this project and many of them say that this might be our only chance to save them.
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