Smoking is an unhealthy habit alone that increases the mortality risk from a disease like lung cancer. However, if a person suffering from diabetes starts smoking or either a heavy smoker develops diabetes, then that person’s mortality risk doubles, according to a new study
Researchers from the University of Colorado, Denver analyzed data from more than 53,000 people in the US who are or were heavy smokers. They cross-referenced this data with the number of people suffering from diabetes among the same group of people.
Researchers discovered that close to 13 percent of smokers who suffered from diabetes had died during the course of the seven-year study. Only 7 percent of heavy smokers who weren’t affected by the blood sugar disease died throughout the study. They also found that diabetic women are more vulnerable than men in regards to lung cancer. So much so, that diabetes increased the chance of heavy female smokers dying from lung cancer by 80 percent, a trend which was absent for men.
However, diabetes in men was linked to increased chance of an early death overall, though not especially tied to any type of disease. Among all the people who took part in the National Lung Screening Trial, which provided the data to the Colorado researchers, more than 5,000 smokers were found to also suffer from diabetes. A common pattern in these patients was that they were older, they also weighed and smoked more than those without diabetes.
Overall, during the course of the study, around 4,000 participants died, almost half from various forms of cancers. The fact that diabetes and smoking is a dangerous combination with a high mortality risk does not surprise any scientists or doctors who were aware of the effect of both the disease and smoking. However, the study does manage to provide an actual scientific basis for the concerns of doctors, which were confirmed by the recent findings.
Both diabetes and smoking are quite widespread in the US, with more than 29 million people suffering from the disease. Trying to quit smoking or adjusting to diabetes can be a difficult chance in lifestyles, however, to accommodate the combination of both may prove extremely challenging for everyone.
Do you know anyone suffering from diabetes and smoking?
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