Last year was the hottest one in recorded history, as climate change became a real threat to our planet. A lot of calamities took place, among them the bleaching of the corals, record heat in the Arctic and Asia, and severe droughts in Africa and Brazil. Now, experts are trying to find out precisely which of those disasters in 2016 were caused by global warming. This is why teams of researchers from the entire world analyzed 27 extreme such events and what they found shocked them. The majority of them, 21, were largely caused by human-induced climate change.
In order to establish the source of these events, experts compare real data, with the rising greenhouse emissions levels, with models of a perfect world, where climate change doesn’t exist. Climate scientists have accepted this technique over the past years and are still using it.
Climate change caused extreme weather events
Maybe the most striking examples of extreme weather events are the record temperatures that were registered. The marks from 2014 and 2015 were exceeded. And while some of that can be attributed to the hurricane El Nino, studies concluded that only global warming was capable of producing these record temperatures. Moreover, those shockingly high temperatures could have been possible without human influence.
The coral bleaching that took place in the Great Barrier Reef was also a result of climate change. This is why most corals turned a ghostly white color and died. Moreover, if the temperatures will not go down, many more corals are going to die.
The same thing happened with the extreme droughts in Africa. Those heat waves were responsible for people’s water and food shortages. And while not all draughts are caused by climate change, the vast majority of them wouldn’t have happened otherwise. Climate change also caused the enormous wildfires in North America which burned 8.9 million acres.
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