Stony Brook University researchers mentioned that mental disorders, long viewed as a leading risk factor for many forms of dementia including Alzheimer’s have been identified in a meaningful proportion of individuals who attended as first responders during the 9/11 World Trade Center tragedy.
It seems that the attack on the World Trade Center proceeds to ravage the minds of those who responded to the Twin Towers destruction.
The study author decided that post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) endured by first responders and many rescuers now seems connected to dementia and mental decline.
Sean Clouston, the lead author, stated that people with PTSD, notwithstanding where they got it are more inclined to have cognitive impairment earlier. According to the notes with the study, one-fifth of the World Trade Center responders revealed PTSD.
The post-traumatic stress disorder is correlated with a possible cognitive impairment which is a risk factor for dementia.
Clouston, an assistant teacher of preventive medicine and family population at Stony Brook University in New York, studied 800 first responders more than a decade after the 2001 tragedy. The respondents were aged 53, on average, and all had diagnosed PTSD, nightmares or flashbacks. In 2014 and 2015, tests of concentration, reasoning, problem-solving and memory were done, along with psychological evaluations.
Clouston decided the risk for mental deterioration is twice as high for those who incurred PTSD associated to those without the relentless anxiety disorder. And for those without a PTSD diagnosis, the risk is three times as high.
The research uncovered that 1 percent had first signs of potential dementia, and approximately 13 percent displayed evidence of memory and decision-making difficulties.
Moreover, comparable conclusions were established among military veterans. The main difference between the two categories is that the 9/11 responders did not have head wounds while the military veterans did.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention registered 33,000 first responders in a World Trade Center Health Program in 2002. If Clouston’s conclusions are representative of that large group it means that hundreds may be at risk for early dementia while almost 5,000 responders may be growing mental impairment.
However, the study did not establish a straight cause-and-effect relationship, and it isn’t clear yet why PTSD is connected to mental decline.
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