Recently, a team of experts from the Scripps Research Institute finally discovered the missing compound that might have played a crucial role in the birth of all life on Earth. For years, experts in the origins of life on our planet have theorized about a chemical reaction called phosphorylation that may have contributed to life on Earth. This mysterious reaction was the one that put together the three main ingredients that formed the earliest forms of life. Those were nucleotides for storing genetic information, chains of amino acids and lipids.
However, experts have not been able to find the specific phosphorylating agent that existed so early on Earth and that put together those ingredients under the same conditions. Now, it seems like they finally managed to identify it: diamidophosphate or DAP.
What created life on Earth?
According to Ramanarayanan Krishnamurthy, the lead author of this study which Nature Chemistry recently published, the team of experts managed to demonstrate that this phosphorylation chemistry was responsible for putting together all the other elements and create life.
It’s interesting that there are also other experts who have described certain chemical reactions which might have made this process possible. However, all those theories have involved different such agents for different molecules. Also, some strange reaction environments that didn’t make sense during that early time on Earth.
Krishnamurthy said that it has been very difficult to discover how it was possible for those different processes to have created the first life forms upon gathering in the same place. So, they discovered that the diamidophosphate with water under certain conditions managed to bring together those three different classes of molecules. They also transformed and interacted therefore created those very early life forms on our planet.
Krishnamurthy compared this process with the Fairy Godmother in Cinderella. With just a waving of the wand, she was able to transform things in an instant.
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