A new research carried out by French scientists claims that toxins released by mold can also become airborne. In turn, this also makes it easier to inhale them, which can lead to asthma attacks, among others.
Mold Toxins Released by Several Specific Fungi
The new study comes from researchers part of the National Veterinary School of Toulouse. These analyzed and tested several specific types of fungi. Ones that are commonly coined as being mold when they start growing in a home. These were also noted to release a kind of chemicals named mycotoxins.
Mold particles by themselves can be a real problem for people who have asthma or allergies. These tiny enemies can inflame the sinuses and lungs, as well as cause itchy eyes, sneezing, or even asthma attacks, among others.
Mycotoxins are usually associated with food contaminations. Fungi produce them for a reason as yet undetermined. The new study determined that they can also easily become airborne when they develop in indoor spaces.
Research is based on the air movements around specific samples of wallpaper. These were contaminated with different types of mold. The researchers included the Aspergillus versicolor, Stachybotrys chartarum, and Penicillium brevicompactum as part of the tests. These fungi are common occurrences in poorly ventilated bedrooms or damp bathroom corners, for example.
“Most of the airborne toxins are likely to be located on fungal spores, but we also demonstrated that part of the toxic load was found on very small particles that could be easily inhaled,” stated Jean-Denis Bailly, part of the study.
He continued by pointing out that the presence of indoors mycotoxins should be further studied and taken into consideration. It should be included as an air quality parameter.
The study did not determine an exact concentration value for these mold toxins in indoor spaces. Or if they are even remotely comparable to the already set agricultural limits on the matter.
The research paper is available in the journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology.
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