A team of Japanese scientists is looking to achieve the impossible as it will try to reach the Earth’s mantle. They will try to do so by drilling a hole into the planet. This daring new project is the idea and could get carried out by Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology or JAMSTEC researchers.
Scientists Are Looking To Reach The Planet’s Mantle By Drilling A Hole
Although it may seem like an idea taken out of a science fiction story, the scientists are very serious as JAMSTEC plans on being the first company in history to accomplish such a feat. It will try to reach the mantle by drilling through 3.7 miles of oceanic crust.
According to media reports, a research team will be in charge of preliminary studies on the matter. These should begin sometime in September this year and will be taking place in Hawaii.
“There are still issues to be resolved, particularly the cost. However, the preliminary study will be a big step forward for this project to enter a new stage.”
This is according to Susumu Umino, a Kanazawa University professor specialized in petrology. Presently, the team is also still considering the final drilling site. Besides this proposed Hawaiian location, they are also looking at sites on the Mexican or Costa Rica coasts.
As it is, the researchers are hoping to begin drilling sometime in the early 2020s or in the 2030s at the latest. The team also explained that they chose oceanic versus continental crust as it is much thinner. This latter reaches, on average, about 12.4 miles.
Previous attempts at reaching the Earth’s mantle resulted in failures from both technological and financial reasons. However, the JAMSTEC team considers that the recent technological advancements are now enough as to support such a project.
By reaching the planet’s mantle, science will have the chance to carry out first-hand studies targeting its composition. This may also help them gain information on the tectonic plates and even about how Earth was formed.
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