An American study concluded that the melanoma risk is more increased while women are pregnant. According to the researchers, the risk is increased even a year after the women gave birth.
For the study, the researchers analyzed the medical records of 462 women. The women involved in the research have been all diagnosed with melanoma, somewhere in the period between 1988 and 2012. Of them, 41 women were diagnosed during their pregnancy or maximum a year after. On an average, the women were 35 when the study began and they were checked up for at least seven years. Almost all of them have been diagnosed with either stage 0 or 1 of melanoma.
Apparently, the women under 50 who participated at the study and were diagnosed with skin cancer during the pregnancy or soon after they gave birth, had increased chances for the tumors to spread other organisms. Also, their cancer was more likely to recur afterwards and they had more chances to die.
For 1,4% of the women the cancer returned aAmerican study nd for the women who were diagnosed with melanoma during their pregnancy or afterwards, the cancer returned for 12,5% of them. 10,3% of them died and from the women diagnosed with the deadly disease during their pregnancy, 20% of them died.
The authors of the study said that because the center at which the cases were studied dealt with more complex cases of melanoma, these results might not be accurate for every woman diagnosed with melanoma. They advise all the pregnant women to examine their skin regularly and to contact a doctor immediately, if they see anything unusual.
According to Dr. Brian Gastman from the Cleveland Clinic based in Ohio, the suppressed activity of the immune system or the fluctuations of the hormones during pregnancy might be the factors that contribute to the increased risks of melanoma. Gastman also said that melanoma is best prevented before women are pregnant because the melanoma risk is more increased while women are pregnant. He claimed that reports show that women are more likely to get melanoma than men. This occurs mostly because women use a lot the tanning beds that are very likely to cause melanoma and also because they don’t put sunblock on and spend great amounts of time in the sun, with no protection on.
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