A team of researchers set out to determine the best training combination that could help seniors with weight problems lose those unnecessary pounds. Based on study results, these should follow a diet-and-exercise program.
According to the research team, advising senior to lose weight is neither enough nor completely safe. So besides a modified dietary regimen, they should also take up strength training and carry on some aerobic activity. Combined these three elements were determined as being the best training for losing pounds as an overweight senior.
This Best Training for Losing Weight Should be the Healthiest Method
Research on the matter was led by Dr. Dennis T. Villareal, who is part of the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. The study was conducted under a grant received from the National Institute on Aging. Research results were published earlier this week in the New England Journal of Medicine.
The study involved 141 seniors declared obese while also being in the ‘frail range’. This latter was determined through a standard test usually applied for older people.
Specialists are generally reluctant in advising weight loss for senior residents declared obese or overweight. This is because the weight reduction brings an increased muscle and bone loss. In its turn, these can lead to a higher risk of falling and/or broken bones. Combining weight loss with a physical training should help prevent such outcomes.
For the study, the seniors were randomly assigned one of these four variants. Some were asked to do aerobics, for example, treadmill walking. Other had to follow strength training with help from weight machines. Another group was asked to do both. Remaining participants only had to attend a monthly nutrition class. All the groups that received an exercise regime had to carry it out three times a week.
The health differences brought on by different training emerged as the seniors were asked to complete follow-up tests. These nine tasks included anything from climbing stairs to picking up a penny.
This showed that the best training was, in fact, a combination of the two physical and aerobic elements as well as the dietary changes.
“You need both the benefits of endurance from aerobic exercise and the improvement of muscle strength from resistance exercise,” says Dr. Villareal
Still, researchers point out that the study did not include senior with severe heart diseases or serious health problems, just does well enough to start such training.
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