New body of evidence comes to suggest that bariatric surgery efficiently edges out type 2 diabetes while diet and lifestyle choice fall behind.
Surgery that leads to weight-loss could fairly improve the chances of eradicating type 2 diabetes and obesity, yet it is not fit for everyone. Not all patients who are diagnosed with either of these two are given the greenlight for bariatric surgery.
Yet, during a randomized trial, bariatric surgery showed a higher success rate than diet and exercise altogether in achieving remission of type 2 diabetes. The results of the study were published in the JAMA Surgery journal.
For the study, 61 patients diagnosed with obesity and type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned one of two types of bariatric surgery: gastric bypass or gastric band. After the surgeries, the patients were followed for a period of three years.
For those patients who underwent gastric bypass, the success rate of type 2 diabetes and weight loss remission was 40 percent. For the group that received a gastric band, the success rate was 29 percent.
After three years, the patients were no longer required to follow medical treatment involving drugs targeted at either obesity or type 2 diabetes. Another group of patients who did not undergo any type of bariatric surgery and strictly followed dietary and exercise guidelines did not resolve type 2 diabetes.
Anita Courcoulas, the lead of Minimally Invasive Bariatric and General Surgery at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, stated:
“I do think it adds strongly to the growing body of data that surgery should be considered to treat people with obesity and diabetes”.
Nonetheless, Ms. Courcoulas stated that in order to really consider bariatric surgery as an option, more trials are required. One overarching study is being currently conducted under her supervision by researchers at University of Washington – Seattle, Cleveland Clinic and Joslin Diabetes Center – Boston.
The need for more trials is supported by the American Diabetes Association which listed bariatric surgery as an option for overweight diabetic patients, with a BMI over 35. For diabetic patients with a BMI under 35, the option still remains unclear.
Image Source: doctoroz.com