Supermassive black holes offer us the chance to observe, analyze and conclude over the way large black holes have formed along with their host galaxies, 13 billion years ago. These giant space structures hold important life mysteries that could help science evolve seriously and unlock some unknown facts that could help progress. Through small supermassive black holes, experts can discover the early stages of our universe’s formation.
The smallest supermassive black hole is an oxymoronic object measuring about 50.000 times the mass of our sun. According to recent estimates, this structure is less than half of the mass of previous smallest black holes found at the center of a galaxy. Overall, it is 100.000 times less massive compared to the largest black holes at the center of other galaxies.
According to the scientists, black holes usually come in two types, namely the “stellar masses” which have the mass of several suns. They form when the largest stars die, to further collapse. The second kind of supermassive black holes is 100.000 times the mass of our Sun. These structures form and evolve along with the host galaxies whose territories they inhabit. For instance, Milky Way has a supermassive black hole at its core.
The smallest supermassive black hole was identified in a dwarf galaxy, shedding light over important similarities between galaxies of extremely different scales. The dwarf galaxy is extremely small so it is highly unlikely to have ever merged with other galaxies, offering researchers a window to a much younger universe. This opens new territories of research and discovery. Scientists can now conclude if larger galaxies have grown through mergers.
Observations were made with the help of NASA’s Chandra X-Ray Observatory and the 6.5 meter Clay telescope in Chile. The fascinating discovery allows astronomers to understand the way billion solar mass black holes have formed, after the Big Bang that has brought us all here.
Researchers have managed to figure out the mass of the black hole by studying the motion of gas near the center of the galaxy, using light data from the Clay Telescope. Chandra data was used to figure out the brightness of material around the black hole in the X-ray band.
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