According to a recent Pew Research Center report, the U.S.A. continues to hold the record of having the world’s largest foreign-born population. While Hispanics are fewer than they were half of century ago, Asians may soon become the dominant immigrant group in the U.S. by 2065.
The 130-page Pew report, which was published Monday, may help ease tensions between presidential hopefuls over immigration issues. And may switch focus on Asian and Hispanic minorities which made up 51 percent of new immigrants that came into the country since the late 1970s.
Pew researchers found that 20 percent of global immigrants would rather settle in the U.S. that elsewhere. This is why the U.S. has the largest foreign-born population to date and the numbers may further increase.
In 1890, immigrants accounted for 15 percent of U.S. population. Seventy-five years later immigrants represented only five percent of population. in 2017, that number rebounded to 14 percent, but Pew analysts expect it to hit 18 percent in 50 years’ time.
In just half of century, the U.S. population nearly doubled from about 193 million to more than 320 million. Yet, the growth was not caused by a high fertility rate, but by an impressive wave of immigrants – about 72 million foreign-born people flocked to the U.S. in the last 50 years. This means that 51 percent of population boom was linked to immigrants. And that figure may reach 88 percent in the next 50 years, Pew investigators wrote in their report.
The data on immigrants include aliens who illegally reside and work in the U.S. So far, 11.3 million foreign-born people do not meet the legal requirements to stay in the U.S. Most of them are Hispanics coming from Mexico. Eight years ago, authorities estimated that nearly 7 million Mexicans illegally crossed the border and then resided in the U.S. Three years later, that number dropped to 5.9 million, but Mexico residents are still the largest group of illegal foreigners in the U.S.
Currently, 47 percent of immigrants coming to the U.S. originate in South America. But difficulties to cross the border, lack of job opportunities due to the 2008 financial crisis, and a change of mentality in Mexico’s younger population, which doesn’t plan anymore to move to the U.S. caused a steep decline in new immigrants coming form Latin America.
In 50 years’ time, Hispanic population would account only for 31 percent of new immigrants, Pew researchers estimate. But Asian population will continue to grow and hit 38 percent of new immigrants in the U.S. by that time.
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